What Causes the Erosion of Tooth Enamel?

Tooth enamel is the outer portion of the natural tooth, the hard shell that protects the tissue inside of the tooth canals. Enamel covers the crown, which is the visible portion of the tooth. Because the enamel is somewhat translucent, light can be seen through the tooth. The enamel, while one of the hardest tissues in the human body, is susceptible to damage and erosion. Drs. Zach Korwin and Gary Toubman of Cedar Mountain Dental educate patients on the problems associated with tooth erosion.

What causes the erosion of natural tooth enamel?

Tooth enamel is strong, but can still be damaged due to acids that may wear away the surface. Enamel erosion can occur due to the following causes:

  • High levels of citric and phosphoric acids (often found in soft drinks)
  • Acids from fruit drinks
  • Xerostomia (dry mouth)
  • Environmental factors including stress, friction, and overall wear and tear
  • Genetic conditions
  • The use of certain medications including antihistamines and aspirin
  • Gastrointestinal conditions
  • GERD (acid reflux disease)
  • A diet high in starches and sugars

What can tooth erosion cause?

Not only can tooth erosion affect the thickness of the tooth and cause sensitivity, but it can also result in irreplaceable damage to the tooth structure. Patients who have thinner tooth enamel may be more likely to experience sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures and may be more susceptible to conditions such as periodontal disease and tooth decay. The best way to protect the natural teeth is to visit the dentist regularly, brush and floss as recommended, and make an appointment when problems occur. Tooth erosion is just one of several issues that can impact one’s oral health and the appearance of their smile, so with a proactive approach to dental care, many of these conditions can be avoided.

Request your appointment with Drs. Zach Korwin and Gary Toubman today

With the team at Cedar Mountain Dental in Newington, CT, patients in the community have access to the team that can provide the best possible care and attention. Call our dentists at (860) 667-2600 and visit the team at 112 Market Square.